Do I need to write out the whole name of an event every time it occurs in my story?
Published: May 24, 2012
Q: I’m writing a story set at the New York World’s Fair in 1939. It seems like a lot to write out each time it comes up in the story. Can I simply call it the fair?
A: You certainly don’t have to write out the whole name of the event every time it comes up in your story. In fact, you might not even have to name the event at all. Anthony Doerr’s novella “Village 113” takes place in a village that is soon to be submerged as a result of the building of a massive dam. Indeed, China’s Three Gorges Dam did just that, but Doerr doesn’t have to name it to capture the essence of the experience. Instead, Doerr relies on strong details throughout the story to suggest this. If you put readers firmly in the era of 1939 and surround them with the anticipation and sensory detail of the fair, you may not need to name it at all.
If the story must refer to it by name often, find out how people talked about it at the time. Indeed, the full name was likely on posters and marketing material, but perhaps there was a truncated name used in casual conversation. Stephen O’Connor’s short story “Another Nice Mess,” uses “Great War,” the term contemporaries used for the First World War. Also, look into other language used in association with the event. O’Connor does this, as well, indicating the soldiers wore “doughboy uniforms.” This will help situate the reader in place and time and lend your work an air of authenticity.
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Brandi Reissenweber teaches fiction writing and reading fiction at Gotham Writers' Workshop and authored the chapter on characterization in Gotham's Writing Fiction: The Practical Guide
. Her work has been published in numerous journals, including
Phoebe, North Dakota Quarterly and
was a James C. McCreight Fiction Fellow at the Wisconsin Institute for
Creative Writing and has taught fiction at New York University,
University of Wisconsin and University of Chicago. Currently, she is a
visiting professor at Illinois Wesleyan University.